Ebola: Understood in a timeline

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Picture courtesy of upload.wikimedia.org

By Fabeha Syed.

  • 1976 – The first Ebola case was recorded in Zaire and Sudan. It was spread by the use of contaminated syringes and needles in the hospitals. Resulting in more than 400 deaths.
  • 1989 – The virus was found in the monkeys, which were imported from the Philippines into the quarantine facilities of Virginia and Pennsylvania. The virus was contained and no deaths were recorded.
  • 1994 – the outbreak killed 31 and infected 52 people in Gabonese Republic in Central Africa. It occurred in the gold-mining camps of the rain forest. The symptoms looked like Yellow fever but later were confirmed as Ebola haemorrhagic fever.
  • 1995 – The virus killed 250 people during the outbreak in Congo.
  • 1996 – in Gabon, a dead chimpanzee, which was eaten by 19 people, was determined to be infected. This outbreak took 21 lives and infected 37 others.
  • 2000 – 200 deaths occurred in Uganda.
  • 2002 – An outbreak in Republic of the Congo results in more than 100 deaths.
  • 2007 – 187 die in Congo while the outbreak in Uganda leads to 37 more deaths.

2014 – outbreak becomes Epidemic

  • 25 March – In March CDC (Centres for Disease Control and Prevention) announced Ebola outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
  • 31 July – the CDC issues Level 3 travel warning. Advising to avoid ‘nonessential travel” to the three affected African countries.
  • 2 Aug – Kent Brantly, the first person infected with Ebola to arrive in the US, gets treated in Atlanta. He is treated and discharged in more than two weeks later.
  • 8 Aug – WHO announces Ebola as an “Public health emergency”
  • 16 Sep – Obama says US is ready to stop Ebola epidemic and pledges to send 3000 medical professionals to West Africa.
  • 30 Sep – Eric Duncan,a Dallas resident becomes the first to be diagnosed in the US.
  • 8 Oct – Duncan dies.
  • 12 Oct – the nurse who treated Eric Duncan tests positive for Ebola. She becomes the first case of the Ebola virus being transmitted within the US.
  • Oct 17 – WHO officially declared Senegal Ebola free.
  • Oct 20 – Nigeria is declared Ebola free by WHO.
  • 2 Nov –  A report from the Africa Governance Initiative indicated Ebola’s spread getting faster than in the previous months.
  • 6 Nov – WHO approves Ebola vaccine trial in Switzerland, which means that the vaccine will be tested on approximately 115 volunteers in Geneva.
  • 21 Nov – Declares Congo to be free of Ebola Outbreak.
  • 29 Nov – According to WHO reports, Ebola death toll reaches 7000.
  • 1 Dec – Liberia and Sierra Leone fail to achieve the target set by WHO to achieve 70% isolation and 70% burial in place.
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